Blood sugar, also known as blood glucose, is a crucial component of our body’s metabolism. It is the main source of energy for our cells, tissues, and organs. However, when blood sugar levels become too high or too low, it can lead to serious health problems.
In this article, we will discuss what level of blood sugar is dangerous and the potential consequences of high or low blood sugar levels. We will also discuss the symptoms, causes, prevention, and treatment of high and low blood sugar levels, as well as global statistics and the complications that can arise from abnormal blood sugar levels.
Blood sugar normal level are considered to be between 70 and 100 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) when fasting, and less than 140 mg/dL two hours after a meal. These levels can vary depending on factors such as age, sex, and overall health. It is important to note that even if your blood sugar levels fall within the normal range, it does not mean that you do not have pre-diabetes or diabetes. It is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional to determine your overall risk and to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly.
Blood sugar levels that fall outside of the normal range can be dangerous. High blood sugar levels, also known as hyperglycemia, can occur in individuals with diabetes or pre-diabetes. A blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL or higher is considered high and can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, kidney damage, and nerve damage. High blood sugar levels can also lead to the development of diabetic ketoacidosis, a condition in which the body produces high levels of ketones, which can be fatal if left untreated.
On the other hand, low blood sugar levels, also known as hypoglycemia, can occur in individuals with diabetes or those taking certain medications. A blood sugar level of 70 mg/dL or lower is considered low and can lead to symptoms such as shakiness, dizziness, and confusion. In severe cases, low blood sugar levels can lead to unconsciousness. Low blood sugar levels can also occur during the night, which is known as nocturnal hypoglycemia, it can lead to night sweats, nightmares, or even seizures.
When an individual has high blood sugar levels, they may experience a variety of symptoms. These symptoms can include:
When an individual has low blood sugar levels, they may experience a variety of symptoms. These symptoms can include:
Several factors can contribute to high blood sugar levels. These include:
Several factors can contribute to low blood sugar levels. These include:
In conclusion, maintaining normal blood sugar levels is crucial for overall health and well-being. High or low blood sugar levels can lead to serious health problems and can be caused by a variety of factors, including diabetes, obesity, and certain medications. By monitoring blood sugar levels and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, individuals can reduce their risk of developing these health problems.